Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatments
Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatments. The Vaginal Yeast Infection is one of the most common genital infections in women . Sheath fungus is not dangerous , but due to the typical symptoms such as Vaginal Yeast Infection and vaginal yeast, infection can be very uncomfortable and should be treated quickly. The most common pathogen of vaginal yeast is Candida albicans , a yeast fungus that affects the mucous membranes in the genital area. The Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatments should be started as early as possible, otherwise the fungus spreads quickly.
For self-diagnosis of a vaginal yeast infection, there are a number of self-test in every pharmacy to buy, which can be applied at home. On the basis of these self-tests can be determined in a short time whether the corresponding symptoms are due to a vaginal yeast infection. To combat the vaginal yeast infection , a number of drugs are available, the use of which should be started at the first signs of Candida infection.
Anti-vaginal herbal medicines contain an antifungal , an agent that kills the fungus. These medications are available in the form of creams or vaginal suppositories ; often a combination therapy is offered. Medicines with the active ingredientClotrimazole effectively eliminates the fungus by inhibiting growth and killing the fungal cells. When infected with Candida, the natural environment in the vagina is out of balance and lost the natural protection in the form of lactic acid bacteria . In addition, Döderlein vaginal capsules that contain lactic acid bacteria can be used to restore and maintain the natural vaginal flora.
Canesten is available in every pharmacy without prescription in the form of creams or vaginal tablets . Canesten ® contains the active ingredient Clotrimazole, an antifungal agent that works against vaginal yeast infection by inhibiting the spread and killing fungal cells. In addition, Canesten ® contains lactic acid , which enhances the natural environment of the vagina. The tablets are not taken orally, but introduced as deep as possible into the vagina. The cream is applied several times daily to the affected areas and the outer labia all the way to the anus.
Vagisan is a combination product of a vaginal suppository and cream used to Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatment . The suppository is inserted once in the vagina, where it dissolves and converts with the vaginal fluid into a cream. This fights the fungus and prevents spread of the vaginal yeast . The vaginal cream is applied in the outer genital area and relieves the burning and itching. Vagisan ® is available as a one-day therapy, which means a suppository is enough to fight the infection effectively.
Many women want a gentle and cost-effective treatment of the vaginal yeast infection and use home remedies that are anti-inflammatory and fight the infection in a natural way. The possibilities range from a treatment with yoghurt via sitz baths with herbal supplements to self-mixed vaginal douching.
Many women swear Yoghurt for the treatment of a vaginal yeast infection. For this, a tampon or a cloth is soaked with natural yoghurt and then introduced into the vagina. Many herbs, such as chamomile, horsetail or tartar, have an anti-inflammatory effect, which is why sitz baths with herbal supplements for vaginal yeasts are often recommended. For this purpose, a broth is brewed from the herbs and the bathwater is added. Although these baths can alleviate the symptoms in the short term, they do not effectively combat the Vaginal Yeast infection.
Conditional rinses with vinegar water or diluted tea tree oil have a disinfecting effect and kill off germs. In general, however, it is not recommended to have a vaginal rinse, as these irritate the vaginal mucosa, cause allergic reactions and aggravate the symptoms.
The effectiveness of these home remedies is often unproven and these remedies may aggravate the symptoms, so you should be wary of these alternative treatments. It is generally the case that a vaginal yeasts rarely heals spontaneously. Most fungal infections must be treated with medication to alleviate the symptoms and prevent the fungus from spreading.
Yogurt is often used as an alternative remedy for vaginal thrush. For this, tampons or towels are soaked in yoghurt and introduced into the vagina. Natural yoghurt contains lactic acid bacteria , which help to restore the natural flora of the vagina and fight against the Vaginal Yeast infection. However, the bacteria contained in the yoghurt are not sufficient to remedy the disturbed balance of the vagina and displace the fungus.
Therefore, the Vaginal Yeast infection must first be killed by a drug. The yoghurt can then help with the reconstruction and strengthening of the natural environment. However, it is important that the yoghurt contains no sugar or chemical additivesbecause sugar enhances the growth of a yeast fungus. In addition, natural yoghurt contains strains of bacteria other than those normally found in the vagina.
Most creams that contain the active ingredient clomitrazole should be applied over a treatment period of one to two weeks on the affected areas, as well as the external genitals. Clomitrazole-containing vaginal tablets are introduced deep into the vagina on three consecutive days in the evening. By contrast, treatment with Vagisan vaginal suppositories is unique , meaning that only one suppository is enough to effectively combat the fungus.
If necessary, the treatment can also be repeated.
However, if the symptoms still do not improve significantly or even worsen after several days, a doctor must be consulted in each case and the further procedure discussed with him.
Many women are affected by a vaginal yeast during pregnancy and have an increased susceptibility. Changing hormones during pregnancy raises the normally acid pH of the vagina, promoting fungal infection with Candida albicans.
In general, a Vaginal Yeast infection is not dangerous for the unborn child. If the infection remains untreated for a longer period of time, however, germs can rise to the uterus and trigger a premature birth. In addition, an untreated vaginal yeasts can be transmitted to the child during the birth process and cause an infection of the mucous membranes of the baby ( thrush or candidosis).
Therefore, pregnant women who have noticed the symptoms of a vaginal yeasts should consult a gynecologist and get treatment. In the meantime, gynecologists routinely check whether there is an infection with Candida albicans from the 34th week of pregnancy.
The Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatments during pregnancy with a clotrimazole-containing drug, which is well tolerated and combats the Vaginal Yeast infection quickly. The treatment can be carried out in all three trimesters, but the vaginal tablets should not be introduced with an applicator but with the fingers.
The treatment of the fungus with suppositories and vaginal tablets should not be performed during menstruation. A vaginal yeast during the period is particularly troublesome, but certain precautions can be taken to speed healing. With the vagina mushroom applies: the drier the environment, the worse the fungal infection can spread.
Therefore, it is best to use breathable pads and change them regularly. In addition, to prevent excessive sweating in the genital area and therefore no underwear made of synthetic fibers are used. An exaggerated hygiene is not necessary during the period, since the labia majora are colonized by many bacteria that contribute to a healthy vaginal flora.
A vaginal yeast is not one of the sexually transmitted diseases , which is why transmission through sexual intercourse is rare. As long as the partner has no symptoms, treatment is usually unnecessary. Many women, however, feel better when their partner is treated with a vaginal yeast . The co-treatment of the partner was formerly routinely done, but it has been shown that it can not be significantly improved by the healing of a vaginal yeast .
An infection with vaginal yeast occurs when the vaginal flora is out of balance . Mushrooms need a moist and warm climate to propagate. The member of the man is rather dry and does not provide a good environment for a fungus , which is why fungal infections in men are rather rare.
Sometimes, however, a fungus settles in the area of the urethra and under the foreskin, especially men with a foreskin constriction may be affected by a fungal infection . An infection usually goes unnoticed, as it does not itch in men and can only be seen as a small red pimple . Normally, a fungus on the penis can not survive long and disappears by itself .
However, if the symptoms worsen and itching and discharge occur, the fungus must be treated. Basically, the same clomitrazole-containing cream can be used to treat a fungal infection in the genital area , which also use women against a vaginal yeast . The fungus spreads mainly in a moist and warm environment, therefore, the sufferers should keep their penises as dry as possible and reduce sweating in the genital area. In addition, the underwear should be as loose as possible and should not consist of synthetic fibers.
Vagisan Myko Kombi is a single-use treatment for vaginal thrush . It is a vaginal suppository, which is inserted once in the vagina. There it melts and combines with the vaginal secretions to a cream that fights the fungus. In addition, the unpleasant itching and burning of the vaginal skin is alleviated. Vagisan ® contains clotrimazole as active ingredient. The product is available as a combination pack with an ointment, which is additionally applied to the outer genital area for one week.
vaginal yeast infection
Under the colloquial term vaginal yeast infection (synonyms: vaginal mycosis, mycosis, Vaginalsoor, Soorvaginitis or Soorkolpitis ) refers to a infectious disease of the female vagina by a fungus of the genus Candida (usually Candida albicans). It is estimated that about three-quarters of all women get such a fungal infection at least once in their lives. Thus, the Vaginal Yeast infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases , but fortunately it is generally treatable and heals without permanent damage .
In most cases, a vagina fungus is caused by the yeast fungus Candida albicans , more rarely by other fungi of the same genus. Candida albicans is found in many women on the mucous membrane of the vagina and thus belongs to some healthy to the natural vaginal flora .
Under normal conditions, however, these fungi can not spread. This is because there is a very specific environment in the vagina . The natural vaginal flora is mainly characterized by having an acidic pH (usually approximately between 4.0 and 4.5 ). This is mainly caused by the lactobacilli (lactic acid bacteria) and makes it difficult for fungi and other pathogens to settle in the vagina and multiply there.
If this flora is right and the woman’s immune system works, it is very unlikely that she will contract a vaginal thrush. However, there are some factors that can weaken the immune system . These include different underlying diseases, for example
- congenital immunodeficiencies ,
- Diabetes mellitus
or taking broad-spectrum antibiotics and other medications such as cortisone. In addition to disturbances of the immune system, changes in the healthy vaginal milieu may also favor the development of a vaginal fungal infection. Such variations in pH can be caused, among others, by hormonal changes such as
- Pregnancy ,
- during the menstrual period ,
- during menopause,
- in the puberty
- when taking birth control pills
- wrong intimate care (especially the excessive use of vaginal douching or intimate sprays bring the vaginal environment out of balance)
- certain preparations for contraception (for example sperm- killing creams, foam suppositories) or lubricants.
In addition, external influences such as
- Sexual intercourse (if the partner is infected ),
- wrong post-stool behavior (you should always wipe back from the vagina to prevent germs from entering the vagina area)
- sharing laundry or towels,
- Visiting public facilities such as swimming pools or saunas
- Too tight, air-impermeable clothing (especially dangerous garments made of synthetic fabrics ) cause the occurrence of Vaginal Yeast infection.
A fungal infection in the body often occurs when the immune system is weakened. Often, the mouth, esophagus and the genital area as well as the vagina are affected. Triggers for weakening the immune system can be diseases such as diabetes, cancer or HIV. But even a pregnancy or a previous therapy with an antibiotic can cause a Vaginal Yeast infection. The antibiotic destroys the lactic acid bacteria of the vaginal flora.
These build up a protective layer in the mucous membraneand are responsible for maintaining the environment in the vagina. The antibiotic thus destroys the protective layer and makes it easier for fungi to multiply rapidly in the warm and moist vaginal environment. The longer an antibiotic is taken, the more likely it is that a Vaginal Yeast infection develops. In most cases, the fungus is well treated with a Vaginal Yeast infection and does not reappear after discontinuation of the antibiotic.
One reason for the first or common occurrence of vaginal thrush may be taking birth control pills . By taking the pill hormones are supplied to the body. The hormone increase , especially in estrogen-containing pills , causes a change in the vaginal milieu similar to the pregnancy. The fungi typically found in the vaginal flora multiply under high estrogen levels.
The infection can be easily treated with an antifungals. If, despite the treatment, the fungus does not disappear or reoccurs, the doctor should consider changing the pill or choosing a lower dose.
There are several signs and symptoms that may indicate a Vaginal Yeast with a fungus and probably make it.
The most common and disturbing symptom is a strong itching . It itches especially in the labia and or at the vaginal entrance . The fungus can attack both the outer and the inner female genitalia.
Other common signs include burning sensation and pain during or after sex . The discharge is usually also changed . Typical is an increased, white-yellowish and friable discharge. Usually odorless though. In addition, the mucous membrane on the vagina may have white deposits. Not all signs and symptoms need to occur equally or simultaneously. If, despite therapy, no relief of the symptoms occur, a doctor should be consulted for clarification.
The hallmark of vaginal thrush is often a massive itching that is sometimes confined to the vagina, but usually affects the entire primary external genital organ (the pubic or vulva).
In this same area, it can also cause a burning sensation . The infected skin is often reddened and / or swollen, which is an expression of existing inflammation.
Another characteristic feature is a discharge from the vagina (fluor vaginalis), which is usually friable, whitish and odorless . Also white deposits on the mucous membrane are possible, which can not be removed. Sometimes there are severe skin defects (such as pustules or eczema ) that can even spread to the thighs.
Because the affected areas are sore, some patients may experience additional urinary or sexual intercourse pain .
A symptom of vaginal candidosis (vaginal candidosis) may be the change in the vaginal discharge (vaginal fluorine).
This can be more and different in color and consistency to the normal. As a rule, the vaginal discharge in Vaginal Yeast infection is odorless . Most of the discharge has a yellowish-white color and is of friable consistency. Many patients then describe the discharge as “cottage cheese-like”.
The smell of the discharge usually does not change in a Vaginal Yeast infection (vaginal candidosis) . However, if you notice a foul-smelling discharge , it should be examined by a gynecologist . Because this can be an indication of a bacterial infection , which must be treated by a doctor with medication in any case.
Another symptom of vaginal candidosis (vaginal candidosis) can be pain . In particular, many patients describe strong burning. It can also cause pain during urination, similar to a urinary tract infection.
During infection with a fungus, pain often occurs during intercourse . In order not to infect the partner, sexual intercourse should be maintained until the Vaginal Yeast infection is healed.
In a Vaginal Yeast infection there is almost always strong itching . It usually itches before redness and swelling on the vagina are added. However, a Vaginal Yeast infection can be detected withouttriggering disturbing symptoms . Then the fungus inhabits only a small amount of vaginal flora.
The yeast fungus does not always make symptoms such as itching, burning or pain. Because fungi and bacteria belong to the normal vaginal flora and are not dangerous. These can also occur naturally in the mouth and digestive tract.
By exaggerated feminine hygiene or a weakened immune system in chronic disease or medication may cause an imbalance of the vaginal flora. Due to the warm and moist environment, the fungi multiply and can cause discomfort.
People who suffer from a disease that weakens the immune system may be more likely to catch a fungus, The intake of certain medications can lead to it. If the partner has a genital fungus , a condom should be used to prevent transmission.
In addition, towels and underwear should be changed regularly and washed hot, because the fungus can settle there and causes repeated infection. It is also possible to stay for too long in a swimming pool to get a fungal infection . Because the chlorine attacks the vaginal flora and favors the growth of fungi.
Since Vaginal Yeast infection is not one of the venereal diseases and goes from the body itself, this is rarely infectious and is hardly transmitted through sexual intercourse.
The fungus can best reproduce in a moist and warm environment, such as in the vagina. Since the member of the man is rather dry and more in contact with air, the fungus has little opportunity to multiply and settle there. Therefore, it is very rare to get infected with a fungus. Frequently, however , the fungal infection in men goes unnoticed and runs without symptoms .
The fungal infection of the vagina is not a sexually transmitted disease and can therefore not be transferred exactly. The fungus is caused by a disruption of the vaginal flora . By changing the milieu , the fungus has the opportunity to multiply .
The cause of the changed vaginal milieu can have different reasons. A weakened immune system due to diseases such as diabetes, infections or stress, but also some medications, especially antibiotics may be responsible. Another common reason is exaggerated intimate hygiene, Excessive cleaning with soap, shower gel or spray can irritate the vaginal environment and confuse it. Better is the daily cleaning with normal, lukewarm water.
Furthermore, a wrong wiping technique on the toilet can cause a smear infection and thus favor a fungus. To prevent re-infection, the underwear should be washed regularly at a high temperature to kill the fungal spores reliably.
For the position of a diagnosis of Vaginal Yeast infection, first of all, the detailed survey of the medical history ( anamnesis ) is of great importance. The doctor asks the patients exactly
- her current complaints
- since when they exist
- how they express themselves
- possibly caused by what
He also records any underlying disease and other possible risk factors for vaginal thrush, for example, whether the woman is currently in a hormonal changeover phase. This is followed by a physical examination.
In this study, a fungal infection is caused by the reddened, swollen vaginal mucosa and the crumbly, white coating . However, to find out which exact pathogen is responsible for the Vaginal Yeast infection in a particular case, it is necessary to take a swab from the mucosa . This means that the gynecologist takes a little vaginal secretions with a cotton swab.
This smear is prepared and then placed under the microscope and there examined for the presence of fungal spores (recognizable by fungal threads or shoot cells). In addition, part of the sample is sent to the laboratory, where it is possible to grow a fungus culture on certain nutrient media .
This is sometimes particularly important because bacterial infections of the vagina or labia can often be associated with very similar symptoms as a fungal infection and it also oftencomes to mixed infections . In Bartholinitis, for example, glands in the labia minora are inflamed by a bacterial infection that can lead to similar symptoms . Since bacterial infections must be treated differently , a differentiation of these pathogens is absolutely necessary!
Sheath fungus is mainly due to itching . In addition, it can cause pain when urinating or burning. In addition, a strong redness in the genital area is often observed. In addition to a fungal infection with the species Candida albicans, these symptoms may include bacteria or other pathogens.
To find out if it really is a Vaginal Yeast infection, there are self-test ( pH test strips ) that can be used at home. The test is available from various manufacturers in pharmacies over the counter to buy.
The self-tests measure the pH of the vagina, Usually, the vaginal environment is in the acidic pH range. This is necessary to maintain the bacterial balance of the vaginal flora. The test changes the color in case of a pH change . This means depending on the manufacturer an infection with a fungus or bacteria. More reliable, however, is the diagnosis of a gynecologist. This should be visited if no treatment success was achieved with a cream.
The treatment of vaginal thrush is relatively easy in most cases and is often possible by the patient at home . Are used almost always special anti-fungal agents , called antifungals . Frequently used active substances in this case are, for example, nystatin or imidazoles (inter alia miconazole or clotrimazole ).
Such drugs are available in the form of creams or ointments or vaginal suppositories . They are available in pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription . Nevertheless, it is important to adhere to the instructions on the leaflet and to consult with a doctor if there are any ambiguities. It is essential that the treatment always takes place locally .
The creams and ointments should be introduced into the vagina with the help of a specific applicator and applied on the labia and, as a precaution, on the anus to really reach all the existing fungal spores . This process should be repeated about once or twice a day .
The vaginal tablets (suppositories) can be inserted either with the aid of an applicator or with a finger into the vagina. It is not recommended during this period (menstruation) because at this time the active substance can be flushed out of the body by the escaping blood without first having its effect.
In a proper treatment, the symptoms improve after a few days. Depending on the drug, however, the therapy must be one to six days be done (depending on the dosage and type of preparation, see package insert!) Consistently and not at the first sign of improvement deducted are as otherwise survive single fungal spores and a lead reinfection can. Only if there is no successful therapy or recurrent infections do systemic treatment with orally administered drugs be indicated.
For the treatment of Vaginal Yeast infection there are preparations of Canesten , which can be bought in the pharmacy without a prescription.
Canesten is a combination therapy. This contains a tablet and a cream. The tablet is inserted into the vagina and should act there for 72 hours to fight the fungus. It is recommended to use the tablet in the evening before sleeping. The cream is applied in the outer genital area . The cream should be applied 1-3 times daily for at least 1, preferably 2 weeks to successfully treat the fungus.
Both the tablet and the cream contain the active ingredient clotrimazole, This is usually well tolerated. The advantage of Canesten is only a single application of the tablet for the treatment of the Vaginal Yeast infection.
For the treatment of the Vaginal Yeast infection there is a preparation of the brand Vagisan . This can be purchased over the counter at the pharmacy.
Vagisan Myko Kombi is a 1-day therapy for vaginal thrush. It contains a suppository and a cream. The suppository is inserted into the vagina and fights the fungus there. It is recommended to use the suppository in the evening. The cream is used to treat the external genital area. To treat the itching and the pain, the cream should be applied thinly 2 times a day for at least a week. Both cream and suppositories contain the antifungals clotrimazole .
An alternative to antifungals in the treatment of Vaginal Yeast infection are the so-called antiseptics . These contain the active ingredient povidone-iodine and are also available in various dosage forms ( creams, tablets, solutions and suppositories ). They are especially used when the infection is of low severity and / or is just beginning . It should be noted that this type of treatment should not be used if a patient has thyroid problems, since the iodine intake in such a case leads to serious complications can lead.
There are several treatment options to treat the vaginal thrush. For therapy antifungals or antifungals are called used. Antifungals are available as suppositories, creams and tablets. Usually a combination of cream and suppositories is recommended.
The cream is applied to the outer area and the suppository is inserted into the vagina. In order to treat the Vaginal Yeast infection successfully, the cream must contain an active ingredient against yeasts. These drugs include clotrimazole , miconazole and nystatin .
During pregnancy, a doctor should first be consulted before a cream is applied. The antifungal agents canAcquired in the pharmacy without a prescription . The partnershould also be treated for recurrent infections in order to avoid re-infection through sexual intercourse.
Home remedy such as natural yoghurt or buttermilk (to be applied to the vaginal mucosa), Döderlein’s preparations or lactic acid bacilli are still widely used to treat a vaginal thrush. However, the benefits of these therapies are highly controversial and it is believed that the desired effect, if any, can only be achieved in the short term.
Meanwhile, the co-treatment of a partner in the context of a fungal infection of the vagina is no longer generally recommended. However, in isolated cases, when the infections recur very frequently , one still tends to treat the partner with antimycotics in order to reduce the risk of mutual relapsing. It is equally important, especially in the presence of a vaginal fungal infection, to regularly change and wash the underwear and towels / washclothsso as not to re-infect with your own germs.
In addition, it is of course always important to adequately treat a possible underlying disease in order to get a Vaginal Yeast infection permanently under control.
In case of a Vaginal Yeast infection you should definitely consult a doctor if there is an uncertainty of the diagnosis , if at the same time a pregnancy is present, if an improvement of the symptoms does not occur even after three days of consistent therapy or if the fungal infections recur frequently.
The duration of a vaginal yeast infection depends on the start of treatment and the severity and spread of the infection. If the Vaginal Yeast infection is treated early enough and sufficiently by so-called antimycotics, the infection should not last longer than a few weeks and heal without consequences. The treatment of an uncomplicated vaginal yeast infection takes about two to six days . It usually takes place “locally”, ie directly at the place of infection by creams, ointments or suppositories.
If a Vaginal Yeast infection is not or insufficiently treated, it can lead to a chronic infection , which then lasts longer. The treatment of a chronic or very strong vaginal yeast infection usually takes several weeks and should be carried out until complete healing. In most cases, it is done “systemically”, ie with tablets that work throughout the body.
There are a variety of measures that a woman can take to make the occurrence of a Vaginal Yeast infection less likely. It is particularly important to pay attention to a sufficient but not excessive intimate hygiene .
The use of intimate sprays or vaginal irrigation should be avoided , instead the vagina should be cared for with plain water or a lotion containing lactic acid. Other important hygienic measures to prevent a vaginal fungal infection are the correct cleaning after a bowel movement, the use of condoms during sexual intercourse with a new partner, using their own clothes or towels , taking off wet bathing suits.
You should also take care to wear light, ” breathable” underwear , preferably made of cotton or silk and not of synthetic materials , to use no airtight panty liners and to use in the last days of the menstrual period, either no or only small tampons .
In women prone to vaginal yeast infections, it may be advisable to use long-term medicinescontaining lactic acid (or even Döderlein) bacteria to support the natural vaginal flora . Despite all these rules, however, it can not be ruled out that you have a vaginal yeast infection.
The prognosis of a Vaginal Yeast infection is usually very good. With a consistent treatment , the course is almost always uncomplicated and the infection heals completely again . Only about 5% of all affected patients experience recurrent infection (relapse) during their lifetime .
Another trigger for an infection with a fungus on the vagina, may be hormonal fluctuations of the woman. Above all, increased estrogen levels may be responsible. This is typically the case during pregnancy. Because the estrogen promotes the growth of yeasts. There is an increased production of a sugar, which is stored in the mucous membrane of the vagina. The sugar serves as a food source for the fungus and can multiply accordingly faster.
As a rule, the fungal infection is harmless to the unborn baby . Rarely, it can lead to premature labor. However, it is important to have the fungus treated as soon as possible, so that it has disappeared until birth.
Has a Vaginal Yeast infection may be transmitted to the mother shortly before or during birth , and this can be transferred to the baby during the birth . The infants are more likely to suffer from a fungal infection in the mouth and diaper area. For premature babies and sick babies, it can potentially be life-threatening.
Pregnant women should visit the attending gynecologist if they suspect a vaginal yeast infection and do not treat on their own. The doctor then decides on the type and duration of therapy. Even during pregnancy, the use of antifungals is suitable and safe for the baby.