How to Reset Mac to Factory Settings
Reset Mac to Factory Settings is a very common question many Mac users have, especially before they sell their Mac or pass it on to someone else. It’s always safe to remove personal information before selling your Mac so no one else can access your data. In addition, a clean Mac OS X looks better for the buyer. Therefore, like MacBook Pro or recover MacBook Air is a very important issue.
How to Reset Mac to Factory Settings
If you follow our guide, you can easily reset the Mac to factory settings without the help of a technician. Resetting to factory defaults will put your Mac in the state you originally used it. All data will be erased and your Mac will be as good as new when it comes to the software and the interface.
Steps to reset the Mac to factory settings
Before you return to factory settings, make sure your Mac is connected to the Internet so you can download the latest Mac OS X.
Step 1: Clone the hard drive of your Mac
If you restore poppy to factory settings, it deletes all data. This means that your personal information should be transferred from the old Mac to another location so you can restore your new Mac. The best way to do that is to make a clone of the entire disk and keep it safe for the time being. Later, you can restore your new Mac.
You can use SuperDuper or Carbon Copy Cloner program with an external memory (hard disk).
- Once you’ve downloaded the software to clone your Mac’s hard drive, open the program.
- Select the main hard disk in Source
- Select the external hard drive in the destination of the program that you are using to clone the hard drive of your Mac.
- Now you need to click on the Clone button, which is located in the lower right corner.
Now you need to check if your clone is successful and bootable.
- Restart it Poppy Hold down the Option key while the device is starting up .
- This opens the boot menu. You will find both hard drives as bootable drives in the menu.
- Select the external drive using the arrow keys on your Mac and press Enter.
If you do not see the new drive as a bootable drive, you will need to go through the cloning process again. It is advisable to check if your cloning process was successful before proceeding with the reformatting of your Mac. This ensures that you will not lose valuable data if cloning was unsuccessful.
You can clone the cloned drive back to the main drive if you want to restore your Mac or access the files from your computer after the data has been removed from the internal hard drive.
Step 2: Deauthorize iTunes
Your iTunes account should only work on a limited number of computers. To ensure this, iTunes has an authorization system. With this authorization, iTunes ensures that all of your videos, music, and other content purchased from iTunes is only available on the authorized computers. A maximum of five Macs are connected to your computer iTunes account .
You must unlock iTunes before resetting your Mac to its original settings. This is because the same computer might consider a second authorization if you continue without de-authorizing the account. To achieve that
- Start iTunes
- Go to the store
- Click Authorization for this computer
- You will be asked to enter your login information. Enter your Apple ID and password, and then click Autoreclose.
Step 3: Turn off FileVault
FileVault encrypts all files on the disk. It is recommended that you turn off this option before proceeding to the factory settings with the MacBook Pro, as security is not an issue here.
- To turn off this option, select the Apple menu and then System Preferences
- Click on Security and Privacy
- Go to the FileVault tab.
- Now check if FileVault for the main drive is disabled. If not, click on the padlock icon you will find below left.
- Enter your password and click Unlock.
- Next you need to click on the Turn off FileVault option.
Once it’s off, restart your device and FileVault will be disabled.
Step 4: Disable iCloud
Removing the iCloud account is a very simple process. This step ensures that no iCloud account details are stored on the Mac after resetting the master.
- In the Apple menu, navigate to System Preferences
- Click iCloud and click Sign out now.
- Click “Delete from Mac” to make sure all your personal information is deleted from your computer.
Step 5: Restart your Mac in recovery mode
As we mentioned earlier, you need to stay connected to the Internet throughout the process as Mac OS X needs to be installed.
- Click Apple, and then click Restart.
- Now hold down the R key and the Command key until you see the recovery mode utility window.
- Click Next after selecting the Disk Utility.
- Select the main boot volume and click Unmount.
- Select the Delete tab
- Then click on Delete to clean the hard disk.
- When this step is completed, select Disk Utility and click “Quit Disk Utility” to exit the program.
Your Mac will restart and all data will be deleted to restart your Mac.
Step 6: Install Mac OS X
Now click on “Reinstall Mac OS X” and continue.
A blank copy of Mac OS X will be downloaded and installed on your Mac. You do not need to enter the Apple ID or password and skip the setup process. The person who will buy this Mac can do the rest.
Reset Mac to factory settings : Method 2
Who wants to sell his old Mac, must delete all files from the computer. We show how it works.
MacOS 10.14 Mojave is coming , with some meaningful innovations and additions. Developers especially appreciate the Dark Mode, and the platform is also becoming appealing with new apps that Apple is pulling from iOS: stocks, news, home and voice memos.
But the new system raises the hardware requirements, a big Mac, like the Macbook Pro 2018 would be an idea. Since it is quite worthwhile to make the old computer to make money – even for ten-year-old devices you get in the Apple Store or by collectors and hobbyists still some amazing amounts.
Otherwise, you will not waste any thought about handing your Mac over to someone else. However, if the calculator is sold, given away, or otherwise distributed in the scenario described above , then everyone asks this question: How do I set my Mac ? actually back to factory settings? In our guide we therefore clarify:
- Reset Your Macbook or Desktop Mac to Factory Defaults
- Clone your hard drive, then completely clean the “original”
- Remove all your personal information and install a clean version of macOS
Anyone who knows his way around and only needs a quick overview can find them here:
- Copy your data: Time Machine users can easily use their backup. After the first startup of a new Mac, you will be asked if you want to recover your data from a Time Machine backup. Of course this should be up to date and contain all data.
Alternatively, you can use an app like SuperDuper or Carbon Copy Cloner to back up a copy of your internal hard drive to an external hard drive. So you have access to all your old files and the copy can be restored at any time – for example, when you buy a new Mac. Incidentally, careful people create a copy with both methods for safety.
- Remove the link to your iTunes account (even with third-party apps that are linked to your Mac, the link should be removed, for example, Photoshop).
- Turn off FileVault (if you use it).
- Log out of iCloud .
- Start the Mac in the recovery system (Command + R shortcut during boot).
- Use Disk Utility to erase your hard disk. Click “Disk Utility> Next”. Select your main hard disk and choose “Delete”. Then exit the Disk Utility .
- Click on “Reinstall macOS” and “Next”. Then follow the instructions to reinstall macOS.
For all other users now follows the detailed instructions.
Step 1: Clone your hard drive
Before you erase all your data from your Mac’s hard drive, you should back it up somewhere else. Or rather, clone, because it allows you to easily restore your “backup” at any time. It’s best done with a special program like Carbon Copy Cloner or SuperDuper. You also need an external hard drive. Simply select your internal hard disk as the source and the external one as the destination in the programs and start the copying process with “Cloning”.
You should now also be able to boot from your external hard drive. To test this, restart your Mac and hold down the Alt key while booting. Use the arrow keys to select the external hard disk as the source and confirm with Enter. If necessary, the cloned hard disk can also be “cloned” back to the main disk.
Step 2: Remove iTunes permissions
Next, you’ll need to remove your Mac’s shortcut to your iTunes account. After all, only five macOS devices can be linked to a single iTunes account – and you should not transfer this permission to another person. Open iTunes and in iTunes, click “Account> Authorizations> Deauthorize this Computer”. Then enter your Apple ID and password and confirm your selection.
Step 3: Turn off FileVault
FileVault encrypts the files on your hard drive and is especially important for mobile users. Before you can take any further steps in the direction of factory settings, you must switch off the service if you have activated it. You do not need to worry about security because your data will be deleted soon anyway.
Open System Preferences and click “Security & Privacy> FileVault”. Verify that FileVault for that disk is turned off. If not, click the small lock icon at the bottom left, enter your password and click Unlock. Then click “Turn Off FileVault”.
Step 4: Disable iCloud
Open System Preferences, click iCloud, then Log Out. To remove all your private information, click “Remove from Mac” on each popup.
In addition, you should also opt-out of iMessage.
Step 5: Restart the Mac in the recovery system
First, make sure you are connected to the Internet, because you need an internet connection to reinstall macOS. Restart the Mac via “Apple> Restart” and simultaneously hold down the Cmd and R keys during the boot process. A window with the tools of the recovery system appears. Optionally, you can still play the original system (if installed) on the Mac, this and other options in the restoration, we have described here .
Step 6: Delete the hard disk
Select the Disk Utility and click Next. Now select your main hard drive (usually named Macintosh HD) and click Unmount. Now go to the “Delete” tab and select “Delete” to format your hard disk. Keep in mind that deleting permanently removes all your data from the hard drive – so do not go down this step before you have saved all the data you want to save! When the deletion is complete, exit the program.
Step 7: Reinstall macOS
Now click on “Reinstall macOS” and follow the instructions on the screen. This will install a fresh copy of macOS High Sierra on your Mac. DO NOT enter your Apple ID or password during installation; Leave this step of installation to the future new owner of the Mac.
For professionals only: delete secure enclave
New Macbooks with Touch Bar have a special memory chip, the so-called Secure Enclave. Reinstalling from the recovery partition will erase that data, but not just reformat it. However, you can selectively delete the data stored here via the recovery partition.
Restart the Mac via “Apple> Restart” and simultaneously hold down the Cmd and R keys during the boot process. Using the Terminal utility, type the command “xartutil –erase-all”. After pressing the carriage return, you must confirm this command with “yes”.