High Blood Pressure Symptoms
High Blood Pressure Symptoms. What symptoms and complaints are possible with high blood pressure? High blood pressure (hypertension) has almost always been present for a long time without causing High Blood Pressure Symptoms or signs. Since high blood pressure causes damage to the small blood vessels at this time as well, early detection examinations are important. Only then can you proceed purposefully against high blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
- 1 High Blood Pressure Symptoms
- 2 How can you recognize high blood pressure symptoms?
- 3 What high blood pressure symptoms can occur?
- 4 What are high blood pressure symptoms with sequelae?
- 5 Hypertension: symptoms
- 6 Hypertension – what to do?
- 7 High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Hypertension
- 8 High Blood Pressure Symptoms and complications
It may take some time for high blood pressure (hypertension, high blood pressure) to trigger symptoms: it often takes years or decades for the first High Blood Pressure Symptoms to appear. Therefore, many sufferers do not even know that their blood pressure is too high.
However, this carries risks, because: In the long run, high blood pressure without High Blood Pressure Symptoms in the body can cause damage! In the long term, hypertension can damage the heart , blood vessels , brain , eyes and kidneys . These damages, in turn, can lead to complications such as heart attacks or strokes.
By early countermeasures such consequential damages of hypertension are avoidable. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to signs that may be high blood pressure – possible High Blood Pressure Symptoms include:
- a headache
high blood pressure
The symptoms of organ damage caused by high blood pressure can be very different. Possible signs of organ damage due to hypertension include:
- shortness of breath
- shortness of breath
- Chest pain ( angina pectoris )
- Impaired vision or sensibility disorders
- Heart attack and stroke
If High Blood Pressure Symptoms appear to be similar to a stroke (ie, dizziness, blurred vision, paralysis , impaired consciousness), this may indicate a so-called hypertensive emergency : In this emergency, hypertension threatens organs (such as the brain, eyes, or heart) damage. A hypertensive emergency is characterized by a high increase in blood pressure – usually over 230 to 130 millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
If High Blood Pressure Symptoms emergency occur: Call the emergency doctor(112), calm the person concerned and others Avert stress from him! People with a hypertensive emergency should seek medical attention immediately and then take them to the hospital because: Such high blood pressure can be dangerous in the short term. For example, to lower blood pressure in such a situation, nitroglycerin , urapidil and nifedipine are suitable.
As a hypertensive crisis (or blood pressure crisis ), however, doctors refer to a condition in which there is a very high blood pressure, but despite the rise in blood pressure, there are no complaints: Then there is usually no acute risk of organ damage. In a hypertensive crisis – unlike the hypertensive emergency – it is not necessary to immediately lower the high blood pressure by medication. Nevertheless, it is advisable not to downplay suddenly high blood pressure levels, but to have them clarified promptly: either by a short-term appointment at the doctor or in the nearest hospital.
How can you recognize high blood pressure symptoms?
You can not feel and see high blood pressure – you can only measure it! You can live with it for years and have no High Blood Pressure Symptoms.
He often develops only at the transition to the second half of life. At this time, women are still mostly in menopause. For this reason, signals that appear tend to be more likely to be related to hormonal changes. But too high blood pressure can sometimes be the reason for the High Blood Pressure Symptoms occurring such as sleep disorders, mood swings, concentration problems, headaches, fatigue and declining performance.
It does not matter if you are a woman or a man – it is important not to overlook high blood pressure symptoms to prevent serious consequences such as a heart attack or stroke. Measuring regular blood pressure helps.
What high blood pressure symptoms can occur?
- red face and bloodshot eyes
A slightly reddened face, sometimes accompanied by visible red capillaries, is a possible indication.
- slight headache or tapping on the temples
headache sitting in the back of the head, which occur especially shortly after waking up, sine typical High Blood Pressure Symptoms. These can be considered as a consequence of nocturnal high blood pressure.
- Sleep disturbances
If the values do not fall off during sleep, it can lead to falling asleep and staying asleep. If there is additional sleep apnea, you feel unausgeruht on the following day or as if damaged.
A common signal is dizziness that occurs for no apparent reason.
- Dizziness in exertion
Nervousness and shortness of breath can also be high blood pressure symptoms.
Constant bleeding of the nose is also a possible indication.
In some people, the signs and risk factors for high blood pressure increase in the cold season.
What are high blood pressure symptoms with sequelae?
Ongoing, unrecognized high blood pressure causes damage to vessels and organs. One then speaks of High Blood Pressure Symptoms with sequelae.
- Chest tightness and heartache in coronary heart disease or arteriosclerosis; High blood pressure levels are sometimes the cause of cardiac arrhythmias
- Decreased performance and water retention in cardiac muscle weakness
- Visual disturbances and visual field defects in hypertensive retinopathy
- Pain in the legs in circulatory disorders or peripheral arterial occlusive disease
- In some cases, too high a blood pressure is first detected by a heart attack, a stroke or other serious complications
Attention : The strength, type of High Blood Pressure Symptoms do not indicate how pronounced the disease is. Even small signs or high blood pressure symptoms can be an indication.
If high blood pressure symptoms are recognized in time, it is possible to treat sequelae early and to take action (such as drugs such as angiotensin inhibitors) that can lower blood pressure by a few mmHg. For all people with high values twice daily blood pressure measurements is advisable. Regular checkups help to prevent serious consequential damage.
In our post hypertension causes you will learn more about the causes and origins. You can do a lot yourself, such as: For example, reduce excess weight to lower your blood pressure to prevent illness!
Normal blood pressure ? Even healthy people should regularly check their blood pressure. A truly meaningful result can provide a 24-hour long-term measurement. This means that patients with white-coat hypertension and masked hypertension (values that are too high but normal at the doctor’s office) can be excluded.
Most patients show few obvious High Blood Pressure Symptoms, so that increased vessel pressure often goes unnoticed for a long time. Hypertension is therefore a “silent” danger. An early therapy is very important to prevent consequential damage. These may also occur without previous high blood pressure symptoms. That’s why it’s important to take serious signs of hypertension seriously:
- Headache, especially in the morning
- sleep disorders
- Fatigue / easy fatigue
- shortness of breath
- reddened face
High blood pressure is a typical headache that is more in the back of the head and especially in the period shortly after waking up. This is a consequence of nocturnal hypertension; normally the blood pressure drops during sleep. If this is not the case, it can also lead to falling asleep and staying asleep. Especially people who additionally suffer from sleep apnea , then often feel the next day unausgeruht and “blundered”. A slightly reddened face – sometimes with visible red veins ( couperose ) – is also a potential high blood pressure indication.
High blood pressure is also often expressed in nervousness and shortness of breath . Middle-aged women often interpret these High Blood Pressure Symptoms incorrectly, such as menopausal symptoms or stress symptoms in general. If in doubt, it is definitely advisable to clarify high blood pressure as a possible trigger in case of conspicuous signs.
This is also true when someone is often dizzy for no apparent reason, since high blood pressure is also a common symptom of dizziness . In some people, the signs of high blood pressure increase in the cold season.
Hypertension: Symptoms of sequelae
High blood pressure can – in the long term – as mentioned above – damage organs. Then, people with hypertension have warning signs emanating from these organs. This can be for example:
- Chest tightness and heartache (angina pectoris) in coronary heart disease (CHD)
- reduced performance and fluid retention (edema) in heart failure (heart failure)
- Pain in the legs in peripheral artery disease (PAD)
- decreasing visual acuity and visual field defects in hypertensive retinopathy
Sometimes, hypertension is first diagnosed by a heart attack, stroke, or other serious complication. Therefore, it is particularly important not to overlook high blood pressure symptoms and to take regular checkups. This can prevent such serious consequential damage.
Hypertension – what to do?
1- Nuts against potassium deficiency
- The risk of high blood pressure can increase if you take too little potassium. There is a lot of potassium in fruits (eg apricots, bananas, plums), vegetables (eg fennel, spinach, chard), dried fruits (eg dates, figs, raisins) and nuts like pistachios, peanuts, almonds etc.
2- Stress relax
- Hypertension and stress in life often go hand in hand – so take some time off! Learn relaxation techniques like autogenic training or progressive muscle relaxation. Take a deep breath before you get angry and count to ten. Sometimes you feel better then.
3- Goodbye cigarettes
- The high risk of hypertension: secondary diseases such as vascular calcification and thus an increasing risk of heart attack. Therefore, be sure to avoid additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This also includes quit smoking!
4- Losing weight protects the heart
- The more weight your body has, the more the heart has to work to provide blood to all the vessels. Therefore, overweight patients should try to lower their weight.
5- Exercise in everyday life
- Now and then leave the escalator on the left and take the stairs, on foot or by bike to work – even with such small measures you do something for your circulation and thus the blood pressure.
6- Proper training
- Find a sport that you enjoy. Because regular endurance training is good to permanently lower high blood pressure. Before you begin, you should talk to your doctor: he can clarify how strong your personal physical strain may be.
7- Little salt, lots of fruits and vegetables
- Caution Salt: Not more than six grams per day should take high blood pressure patients! Good are also a lot of fruits and vegetables. On the other hand, you should economize on saturated fats, such as those found in animal foods such as butter, cream or meat. Variety in nutrition also prevents risks due to one-sided diet.
8- Alcohol in moderation
- A glass of wine does not hurt. However, it should not be more. Experts from the German Nutrition Society (DGE) recommend no more than 20 grams of alcohol a day to men. That’s just under half a liter of beer or a glass of wine. Women should eat only half, that is ten grams.
9- Regularly measure blood pressure
- Especially people who are overweight or have high blood pressure in the family should keep an eye on their blood pressure. Regular measurements allow timely intervention.
10- Take your medication
- If you need to take medicines for high blood pressure, be sure to do it regularly. Talk to your doctor if you need or want to take any other medications. Some medicines can increase blood pressure.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Hypertension
Blood must be under pressure, otherwise it could not run up against gravity in our veins. The blood pressure arises from the pumping power of the heart and the resistance of the vessel walls. Every time the pump is pumped, the heart emits a rush of blood, which can be felt as a pulse around the wrist. The surge briefly expands the elastic walls of the arteries before contracting again. Thus, the arterial walls also drive the blood forward.
When blood pressure rises above the normal level, you usually do not notice it for a long time. Hypertension is a creeping pest. Signs like headache Dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath or blurred vision usually do not appear until blood pressure levels are very high or organs have sustained permanent damage from persistent hypertension. But even unnoticeable, low blood pressure increases the long-term health risks.
In the long run, on the one hand, especially the blood vessels suffer, which can cause serious diseases; on the other hand, the heart has to pump against the higher pressure. It changes morbidly. The following are some of the common problems or complications that can cause high blood pressure:
- Arteriosclerosis (vascular calcification), heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. Deposits (plaques) are increasingly forming in the walls of the arteries. The walls bulge inward, making the arteries narrower. The blood supply of the affected body parts or organs is reduced. The consequences of arteriosclerosis are the most frequent causes of death in Switzerland and other industrial nations. Where narrowed or occluded arteries cause problems depends on their location.
- The brain can cause strokes or mental retardation (dementia) .
- At the heart can coronary heart disease , angina (heart Enge) also and vascular occlusions heart attacks occur.
- The function of the kidneys may subside (kidney failure, kidney failure) or fail altogether (kidney failure). Conversely, narrowed renal arteries can exacerbate high blood pressure or abnormally increase normal blood pressure.
- Pain during movement and later also at rest can be the result of narrowed vessels on the pelvis, legs and arms (” intermittent claudication “, peripheral arterial disease [PAD] ). Narrowing at these sites also makes it possible for tissue to die.
- Men with narrowed arteries in the abdomen may develop erectile dysfunction (erectile dysfunction) .
- The heart has to pump more vigorously because of the increased blood pressure. As a result, the heart muscle can change so that the heart fills worse and less blood circulates (heart failure, heart failure ).
- Vascular changes in the retina can severely restrict vision, but this is rare.
High blood pressure contributes to the causes of death, which are most common in Switzerland. But about one in three people with high blood pressure knows nothing about it. That is why many medical associations recommend that the blood pressure be checked regularly at the age of 50 or above. For additional risk factors (see “Causes, Risk Factors, and Frequency”), previous controls may be useful. The Swiss Heart Foundation also recommends younger people over the age of 18 to have an annual measurement. To lower high blood pressure, often no medication is necessary!
When does Higfh blood pressure start?
Whether the blood pressure is too low, normal or elevated, show measurements. They provide two extreme values for blood pressure – the smallest and the largest. The highest pressure or systolic blood pressure prevails in the moment when the heart is pumping straight, so blood pressed into the veins. The lowest pressure or diastolic blood pressure is when the heart muscle relaxes. The strange unit of measurement “mmHg” stands for “millimeters of mercury” and still comes from historical measuring instruments.
When classifying blood pressure, the Swiss professional associations follow the classifications established by the World Health Organization (WHO). On its own, blood pressure values are only predictive if they are clearly elevated or are clearly in the optimal range. In the other cases, it is important to have additional factors that can increase the harmful effects of high blood pressure. Low, still normal values are therefore not completely harmless in every case. Basically, the blood pressure should never exceed the normal range for a long time and certainly not clear.
Classification of blood pressure values according to WHO:
- Optimal, no treatment:
<120 mmHg systolic, <80 mmHg diastolic
- Normal, no treatment:
120-129 mmHg systolic, 80-84 mmHg diastolic
- Still normal, regular measurement and monitoring of the values:
130-139 mmHg systolic, 85-89 mmHg diastolic
- Light high pressure (level 1), medical treatment:
140-159 mmHg systolic, 90-99 mmHg diastolic
- Medium high pressure (level 2), medical treatment:
160-179 mmHg systolic, 100-109 mmHg diastolic
- Severe hypertension (grade 3), urgent medical attention:
> 180 mmHg systolic,> 110 mmHg diastolic
- Isolated systolic hypertension, medical treatment:
> 140 mmHg systolic, <90 mmHg diastolic
When do heart and blood vessels suffer?
High blood pressure, which requires treatment regardless of other factors, starts at 140/90 mmHg. Conversely, only optimal values are absolutely safe. Values in between can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease if there are additional risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking or diabetes .With them increases the risk that atherosclerosis and its consequences occur.
For example, an obese, 64-year-old smoker with diabetes has an increased risk of cardiovascular disease because of tobacco and diabetes. With him, values around 135/85 mmHg, which are only slightly increased, can significantly increase the risks to his health. The same values would be unusual for a 34-year-old, slim-sleeved non-smoker without additional risk factors, but she would not have to worry at the moment.
However, she should keep an eye on her blood pressure and possibly work with doctors to find out why he is slightly above standard. To judge what blood pressure means to your healthDoctors need to see the values associated with other risk factors. Then there is often no sharp line between good and bad. Above optimal levels, the risks increase with each additional unit, and they climb even higher with any factor that supports the development of atherosclerosis.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms and complications
High Blood Pressure Symptoms usually occur only when hypertension has already affected the organs. Especially the brain and eyes, heart and kidneys are damaged early. Depending on the affected region symptoms are quite different, often unspecific. High Blood Pressure Symptoms can be:
- Dizziness and tears
- Pressure / tightness in the heart area
- blurred vision
- Headache (especially at night and in the morning)
- Nervousness, irritability, difficulty concentrating
- erectile Dysfunction
It is important that strength and type of High Blood Pressure Symptoms and symptoms do not suggest how pronounced the high blood pressure is. Even small signs or symptoms can be an indication of hypertension.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Hypertension: complications
If nothing is done for years against hypertension, irreversible damage to the vessels will result. This in turn leads to serious diseases of different organs.
- Heart: High blood pressure is a constant burden on the left ventricle. This can lead to heart failure ( heart failure ). In addition, arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries is favored, which in turn can lead to circulatory disorders in the heart (coronary heart disease, short: CHD) and a heart attack .
- Brain: Damage to the cerebral vessels often causes a stroke .
- Kidneys: By changing the renal vessels renal function decreases (kidney failure), it can result in kidney failure.
- Eyes: The damage to the vessels of the fundus can lead to visual impairment and in extreme cases to blindness.
- Limbs: Rarely, high blood pressure causes circulatory disorders especially of the legs.
Hypertension usually runs asymptomatic for a long time. Frequently, but not only, he develops at the transition to the second half of life. This is a time that almost always (still) stands for the menopause of women. High Blood Pressure Symptoms more noticeable in this phase of life, such as nervousness , sleep disturbances, mood swings, concentration problems, headaches , dizziness, and diminished performance, are therefore more likely to be attributed to hormonal changes than to hypertension. But sometimes he can be the reason.
The situation is similar with previously unknown symptoms such as palpitations or heart stumbling ( cardiac arrhythmia ), a certain, somehow “nervous breathlessness” or shortness of breath during exercise. Whether it concerns a woman or a man: one should have such symptoms or a malaise for complaints as described above by the doctor clarify.
Crisisous increases in blood pressure often affect those affected, but not always. Possible symptoms include dizziness , restlessness, anxiety , shaking , panic, shortness of breath, chest tightness. It is best to check the blood pressure immediately and to call the doctor if the pressure is high or the symptoms persist (if the doctor is not available: Emergency 112 ).