Genital Herpes Treatments
Genital Herpes Treatments. Genital herpes is mainly transmitted by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV 2), almost always through sexual contact. The infection manifests itself among other things by painful skin blisters, itching and tingling in the genital area.
Genital herpes treatments
The aim of the Genital Herpes Treatments is to shorten the duration and frequency of outbreaks and to relieve symptoms. If genital herpes is very mild, zinc ointments can be applied to the affected areas. They dry out the bubbles and promote healing.
In general, Genital Herpes Treatments but with antivirals, such as. As acyclovir, valaciclovir or famciclovir. Antivirals inhibit the proliferation of viruses and can thus reduce the duration of the disease. They are best taken in tablet form, but can also be given as an infusion in the case of a particularly pronounced acute phase or in patients with immunodeficiency.
It is important to take antivirals as soon as possible after the onset of the first symptoms. People who often have outbreaks of genital herpes, should be equipped by their doctor as a precaution with drugs or prescriptions. Any laboratory results should not be expected.
If there are six or more disease outbreaks per year, continuous Genital Herpes Treatments with antivirals over a longer period of time (six to twelve months) should be considered. If multiple relapses occur within a short period of time after stopping the medication, the viral therapy can be resumed.
How can one avoid a herpes infection or a reactivation?
Condoms are currently the only – albeit not 100 percent – protection against genital herpes. Vaccinations against HSV-1 and -2 have been tested for a long time, to date, however, no vaccine has been found to be sufficiently effective and tolerable.
If you are already infected, you can prevent new outbreaks of genital herpes, by strengthening the immune system, for example, by adequate sleep, stress avoidance and healthy eating. In summer, it is advisable to ensure sufficient UV protection and to avoid the sun in the noon hours.
Psychological aspect of infection with genital herpes
Despite the effective Genital Herpes Treatments with antivirals, genital herpes means a restriction of quality of life and sex life. Often, recurring outbreaks are the trigger for conflict with the partner. Although intercourse does not lead to a re-germination of the disease, for fear of many people still try to avoid sex. Specialists in gynecology, dermatology and urology are familiar with this issue and can provide recommendations on how best to deal with the disease.
What is genital herpes?
Genital herpes is one of the sexually transmitted diseases . The infection is almost always due to unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The infection is triggered by herpes viruses. In 50 to 70 percent of the cases are herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV 2).
In contrast, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV 1) lead mainly to herpes labialis ( cold sores). The majority of those affected become infected in childhood. And – unnoticed – on the lips, on the face, on saliva droplets or as a “smear infection” by contact with virus-containing vesicular fluid of another patient.
The viruses enter the body via minute injuries of the skin or mucous membrane. They stay lifelong at their destination and can after the first infection also lead to discomfort (recurrent herpes labialis). On average, women become more infected than men.
Symptoms: tingling and itching in the genital area
Often the infection runs without any symptoms. However, complaints occur, it comes in the genital area (vulva, penis, external genitalia) to an unpleasant tingling, itching, burning and increased discharge . Subsequently, skin blisters develop on the reddened areas, which fill with liquid and later crust. In addition, general symptoms such as fever, head and body aches may occur.
As soon as the typical symptoms occur, herpes genitalis as well as herpes labialis are well recognizable clinical pictures. To ensure the diagnosis, the doctor takes a swab. So he can also prove the pathogen.
If a pregnant woman becomes infected with the herpes virus, she can transmit the pathogen to the newborn during childbirth. For the child, the infection can be very dangerous.
Genital Herpes Treatments takes place with virushemmenden drugs (antivirals) – for example, the active ingredient aciclovir or valaciclovir. Used in good time, the agents can work against the symptoms and discomfort and, as a long-term therapy, reduce the frequency of relapses (relapses with renewed blistering). The virus remains latent (hidden) in the body.
Genital herpes: causes and risk factors
Especially herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV 2) cause genital herpes. The viruses are transmitted through sexual intercourse.
Genital herpes is caused in 50 to 70 percent of cases by type 2 herpesviruses. To 20 to 30 percent, however, herpes simplex virus of the first type (HSV1) are the trigger. However, these viruses mainly lead to cold sores .
Most people get infected with HSV 2 via infected body fluids, mostly during intercourse with an infected partner. Women carry viruses more often than men. About 15 percent of the population have been infected with HSV 2, without noticing. At HSV 1, the rate is around 90 percent.
Anyone who has ever undergone a genital herpes infection carries the virus (HSV 1 or HSV 2) even after the resolution of the acute symptoms lifelong in itself. This is explained by the fact that herpes viruses are found in certain cells of the nervous system (ganglia). In this they are neither available for medication nor for the immune system. Physicians speak in this context of a latent – ie asymptomatic – infection. Many latently infected people do not know that they are carriers of the virus, but they can pass it on to their partner. Cold sores are very contagious.
Due to various causes of herpes can recur. Triggers may include a weakened immune system, a cold , the menstrual period or stress . These recurrences are usually weaker than the initial infection.
Rarely – for example in persons with limited immune system – a genital herpes leads to complications such as a herpes encephalitis (brain inflammation). In addition, there may be an infection of the eye retina by the herpes virus (usually type 1), which leads to blindness in the worst case. In addition, HSV 2 infection is a risk factor for HIV.
Type 2 herpesviruses can pass through the uterus to the unborn child during pregnancy or – in the course of childbirth – to the newborn (herpes neonatorum). In this extremely rare case, the skin and mucous membranes, the retina and internal organs of the baby can be affected. About 50 percent of babies in infected mothers get infected during childbirth. The birth by cesarean section can prevent infection.
Genital herpes: symptoms
First, expresses genital herpes, inter alia, by an unpleasant feeling in the genital area, itching and burning. On the skin and mucous membranes are the characteristic cold sores.
Within two weeks of the initial infection typical symptoms of genital herpes occur. First, it tingles in the area of the vagina, labia or penis. Also in the anal area, in the testicle region, on the buttocks or thighs, these symptoms may appear. The affected area reddens and swells often. Subsequently, small, liquid-filled bubbles form, causing burning and itching. There is an increased outflow (fluor vaginalis). The contents of the bubbles become cloudy, after a day or two the cold sores tear and crust.
These symptoms can also be associated with pain in the genital area, headache, body aches and fever . In most cases, the lymph nodes in the groin area swell. Within several days, the complaints sound again.
Herpes infections such as genital herpes tend to recur (relapse). This is explained above all by the fact that herpes viruses remain in the body for a lifetime after the symptoms have resolved. A relapse, however, is usually milder than the initial infection, often without the affected person noticing.
As other vaginal infections, such as fungal infestation or bacterial vaginosis (vaginal infection caused by various bacteria), may have similar symptoms, women should always consult a gynecologist.
Genital herpes: diagnosis
A gynecologist usually recognizes a genital herpes on the typical blisters.
Typical symptoms such as red and swollen skin or mucous membranes and fluid-filled blisters speak for a genital herpes . A specialist can therefore usually diagnose the infection well.
To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor makes a smear of the bladder fluid. So he can also find out whether it is herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2 (HSV 1 or HSV 2). However, the detection with the usual methods, such as pathogen culture or cell studies, not always succeeds. Therefore, modern methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) must be used. A negative test does not rule out the infection . Other findings may also provide specific diagnostic methods, such as the detection of certain antibodies in the blood.
Since other genital diseases – such as a vaginal fungus – have similar symptoms, it is advisable to see a doctor. Self-Genital Herpes Treatments is strongly discouraged.
Genital herpes: Therapy
With the help of virushemmenden drugs (antivirals) can Genital Herpes Treatments well.
Genital Herpes Treatments simplex virus (HSV viruses), there are so far the active ingredients aciclovir, famciclovir and valaciclovir. These agents (antivirals) prevent the viruses from multiplying and thus reduce the course of the disease.
In genital herpes , the antivirals are taken in tablet form – usually for five to ten days. If therapy begins early enough, acyclovir can also reduce the spread of viruses from the nerves. Recurring infections occur less frequently.
If there is a risk that a pregnant woman infected with genital herpes will pass on the virus to her child during pregnancy or childbirth (herpes neonatorum), an infusion Genital Herpes Treatments with an antiviral agent will be carried out.
In contrast to cold sores (herpes labialis), the external Genital Herpes Treatments in the form of creams for genital herpes plays a rather minor role.
Genital herpes: prevention
Condoms can reduce the risk of infection. Many people carry the virus in themselves without noticing anything.
Genital herpes is a widespread, contagious disease of the genitalia . About 90 percent of the population carry the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV 1) in itself, significantly fewer people HSV 2. According to estimates, around 90 percent of the first infections do not cause signs of disease ,
Condoms can protect against genital herpes. However, many people already carry the virus in themselves, without noticing something. For people who have just had a genital herpes infection with discomfort, it is advisable to protect themselves or their partner in the first month after the disease has died off with condoms. In this period, there is a high risk that infected persons, despite the lack of symptoms, are still contagious and can transmit the virus to their partner. Important: If the partner suffers complaints, he must visit a doctor and be treated if necessary.
In addition, sufferers should not touch the skin blisters, and each time wash their hands carefully. In the acute phase of the disease, as long as skin symptoms and general disease symptoms (lips, genital area) persist, sexual contacts should be avoided.
Recurring genital herpes infections can be very stressful and often have a negative impact on the sex life. Therefore, it is important to talk openly with the partner about the disease. A couple’s advice can help too.
A herpes can “bloom” again if, for example, the immune system is weakened or the affected patients – mostly women – have a lot of stress . A healthy lifestyle with sufficient exercise, abundant fruits and vegetables as well as relaxation phases can therefore contribute to the protection against recurrence. Smoking is a risk factor.
To reduce the risk of a herpes neonatorum, gynecologists recommend pregnant women with a primary infection of the genital herpes to give birth to their child by caesarean section.